Corruption and Improper Payments: Global Trends and Applicable Laws
Keywords:Energy Law, Petroleum Law
AbstractThis article reviews recent changes in the law relating to bribes and other improper payments made in the course of conducting business in foreign countries. The author points to an emerging trend toward greater criminalization of such payments, and summarizes relevant Canadian and American law on the subject. The impact of multilateral agreements and international organizations is examined. The author also reviews laws against corruption and improper payments in Yemen, Libya, Nigeria, Kazakstan, Colombia, Venezuela, Indonesia and Vietnam. In conclusion, the reader is presented with recommendations for achieving compliance with Canadian and American laws, as well as with those of specific host countries.
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