Post-Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co.: Is Canada Poised to Become an Alternative Jurisdiction for Extraterritorial Human Rights Litigation?
Keywords:Energy Law, Petroleum Law
AbstractThe globalization of business affects the lives of citizens around the globe, both positively and negatively. With multinational corporations transcending national boundaries with their business operations comes the risk of adverse human rights impacts, particularly in regions of the world with high conflict, instability, and low governmental capacity. The risk of human rights violations has led to an increased emphasis on corporate social responsibility measures at industry, national, and international levels. One such protective measure includes statutory grants of jurisdiction to courts to adjudicate claims brought by foreign nationals alleging wrongdoings abroad in the defendant’s home jurisdiction. This measure allows foreign plaintiffs who have suffered abuse at the hands of a multinational corporation in their home jurisdiction to seek justice and compensation from that corporate defendant in the jurisdiction where the corporation’s assets are located and where the system of law is well-equipped to redress the violations. This article first explores the United States’ Alien Tort Statute and the seminal case of Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum Co. to illustrate the potential scope of extraterritorial human rights litigation in America. Then the article canvasses recent human rights litigation brought by foreign nationals in Canada and concludes with the future of Canadian law in this area.
Author(s) retain original copyright in the substantive content of the titled work, subject to the following rights that are granted indefinitely:
- Author(s) grant the Alberta Law Review permission to produce, publish, disseminate, and distribute the titled work in electronic format to online database services, including, but not limited to: LexisNexis, QuickLaw, HeinOnline, and EBSCO;
- Author(s) grant the Alberta Law Review permission to post the titled work on the Alberta Law Review website and/or related websites.
- Author(s) agree that the titled work may be used for educational or instructional purposes and/or in educational or instructional materials. The author(s) acknowledge that the titled work is subject to other such "fair dealing" provisions and applicable legislation.
- Author(s) grant a limited license to those accessing the titled work from an electronic database or an Alberta Law Review website to download the titled work onto their computer and to print a copy for their own personal, non-commercial use, subject to proper attribution.
To use the journal's content elsewhere, permission must be obtained from the author(s) and the Alberta Law Review.