A Comparison of the Spanish and Canadian Law of Self-Defence

  • Javier Valls Prieto
  • Wayne N. Renke


In this article, the rules for self-defence in Canada and Spain are compared and contrasted. We will offer an explanation for the recognition of self-defence, in its several forms; describe some formal similarities and differences between the two versions of the defence; and then compare and contrast the approaches of the defence under eight main themes — interests protected; threats to those interests; mistakes by the defender; time constraints on the defence; measuring conduct falling within the scope of statutory protection; the availability of the defence to a defender who provoked aggression; and the use of evidence that does not fully support the defence.